The Infinite Zenith

Where insights on anime, games, academia and life dare to converge

Colmar, France: Home of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?

“I’ve been called many names like perfectionist, difficult and obsessive. I think it takes obsession, takes searching for the details for any artist to be good.” —Barbra Streisand

That Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? is set in a town inspired by France’s Colmar is a badly-kept secret. Located in the Alsace region of north-eastern France, Colmar is a town with a population of roughly 67 214 (as of 2009, with a metro population of 126 957) and is best known for its well-preserved old town, museums and landmarks. Colmar was founded in the ninth century and changed hands several times during the course of its history: it was taken by Sweden during the Thirty Years’ War in 1632, re-conquered by King Louis XIV in 1673 and annexed into Prussia in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War. Returned to France after World War I as a part of the terms outlined in the Treaty of Versailles, Nazi Germany annexed Colmar in 1940 and finally, in 1945, Colmar was returned back to France. The area has a sunny and dry climate as a result of its proximity to the mountains, and consequently, Colmar is home of some of the best Alsace wine. Despite its turbulent history, Colmar’s old town remains well-preserved, spared the razing and strategic bombing that leveled cities throughout Europe during wartime: Germanic and French influence is seen in its sandstone and timber-framed buildings, and its fairy tale-like atmosphere means Colmar serves as the inspiration for Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?.

  • I believe this is one of my larger location posts, rolled on in response to requests for an English-language variant of the comparison between the town of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? and Colmar, France. Here, Cocoa is walking down Grand Rue (Main Street) in search of her accommodations. Some 500 meters long, a large number of Colmar’s major attractions line this street.

  • Branching off Grand Rue is Rue des Marchands (Merchant’s Street), a smaller street lined with shops. Because Gochuumon wa Usagi Desuk Ka? depicts the passage of seasons over its run, one wonders how accurate the anime depiction of the climate was, and it turns out that compared to Colmar, summers aren’t quite as hot, while winters are a bit cooler. Colmar’s geography means that it has a sunny and dry microclimate, so rain and snow are infrequent.

  • Rabbit House’s architecture was inspired by two separate buildings: its lower floors are inspired by those of a similar building on Rue des Boulangers, with its distinct window shutters. Numerous buildings in Colmar are timber-framed, an architectural feature that was commonplace prior to the nineteenth century. Rather than dimensional lumber used in modern wooden-framed buildings, timber-framed buildings uses logs or tree trunks to form the building’s frame.

  • A shot that allows for the whole of Rabbit House to be seen shows that the upper floor likely took inspiration from a building on Rue du Chasseur: the narrow taper of the roof and singular window seen in Rabbit House is mirrored in a real-world shop. Timber-framed buildings allow for open spaces and can be quite energy efficient, but highly difficult to maintain.

  • Cocoa checks her heading near Champ de Mars, a public park that was laid out in 1745. While not seen in the photographs here, there’s also a central fountain topped by the statue of Admiral Bruat built by Bartholdi in 1864.

  • One of the coffee shops in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? features a distinct looking sign that was actually drawn off a similar-looking sign in Rue du Général de Gaulle of the village Riquewihr, which is only 11 kilometers from Colmar. With a population of 1308 as of 2006, the village widely praised for looking as it did during the sixteenth century, as it too was spared the destruction of WWII.

  • Cocoa and Chiya’s high school is modeled after Colmar’s Mediatheque. The building has at least five centuries’ of history: in the late 16th century, the west side of the building was utilised as a military hospital until  was reserved for the military hospital until 1792, when it was moved to the Catherinettes. The building retained its function as a hospital until 1937, when the Pasteur hospital was built in Colmar’s Western side. Subsequently occupied by two departments of the IUT of the University of Haute-Alsace, the building was renovated in 2012 to become a media library.

  • The Lauch River which passes through the south-eastern portion of the old town known as Little Venice and is lined by Rue des Ecoles. This section of the old town feels like it came straight from a fairy tale and has a very romantic feeling, with its colourful timber-framed buildings.

  • Boat tours of the canal are offered in Colmar, allowing one to languidly cruise the Lauch River. The guides giving the tour are versed in English and lasts around half an hour, costing six Euros per adult (around 8.70 CAD, a fantastic deal); tickets can be purchased from one of two docks, both of which are located near the bridge by Rue de la Poissonnerie.

  • The fictional town in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? draws inspiration from other European cities, as well: there are canals in Colmar, but some of the wider sections were derived off the canals found in near Au Pont Saint Martin, an Alsace restaurant at the heart of Strasbourg. Strasbourg is a much larger city located 64 kilometers northeast of Colmar; with a population of 759,868 as of 2010, the city has an Oceanic climate with warm summers and cold winters.

  • This is an image of Colmar’s Marché couvert de Colmar (Covered Market of Colmar), of which only a corner can be seen in the Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? screenshot. Located near the Lauch River at the Old Town’s southern end, the market was built in 1865, and its location along the river meant that goods could be delivered via boat. Selling a selection of local meat, cheese, spices, wine and fruit and vegetables on display, the covered market also has a small café that serves pastries, coffees and wines.

  • While Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? showcases a quiet town, Colmar is quite busy with tourists. Individuals with a sufficiently powerful GPU can view Colmar on Google Maps in full 3D and make use of the labels to pinpoint locations as I’ve done here. Unlike the town of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?, which appears to have frozen in history and remained a small town, in present-day Colmar, the Old Town is surrounded by a modern city.

  • Here is another shot of the river along Rue des Ecoles. Careful inspection of both images demonstrates again the level of detail that went into creating the setting of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?: in fact, I remarked in my review of the first season that the idyllic European setting was what appealed so much about the anime. Whereas most slice-of-life anime are set in Japan, Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? dared to go the whole nine yards in creating an authentic, compelling setting that sets it apart from similar shows.

  • Not all of the locations of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? are located in France. The large, ornate pool seen in their town was inspired by Budapest’s Széchenyi thermal bath, the largest thermal/mineral bath in all of Europe. The bath is located along Kós Károly Stny. by Budapest’s City Park, and was designed by Győző Czigler in Neo-baroque style  Construction began in 1909 and the bath opened in 1913.

  • Széchenyi thermal bath’s water features a high concentration of  sulphate, calcium, magnesium and bicarbonate and is fed by two separate springs: one provides water at 74 °C, and the other supplies 77 °C water. These waters are used for medicinal purposes, helping sooth degenerative joint illnesses, chronic and sub-acute joint inflammations.Owing to its popularity, the facility underwent a major expansion in 1927, resulting in the structure that is currently seen.

  • The entrance to the pool in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? is actually the back of the building facing the pools. regions of Hungary exhibits geothermal activity, accounting for why hot springs are present there. To the best of my knowledge, the extent of geothermal activity in France is not quite to the same extent as seen in the Rocky mountains, but thermal springs can also be found in the Alsace region.

  • The outdoor pools at Széchenyi thermal bath are maintained at temperatures of 27 to 38 °C. Three separate pools are present: a central pool is for swimming, and two pools to the edges are intended for visitors to relax in. Pools in the facility’s interior are kept at 27 °C: besides acting as a pool/thermal springs, Széchenyi thermal bath also provides spa and massage services.

  • Provided that an anime’s creators disclose which locations inspired the settings of their show in a magazine interview, the locations would not be particularly difficult to find. Location hunting for anime locations in Europe is surprisingly inexpensive: at the time of publication, it would cost between 1000 to 1600 dollars to fly from Tokyo to Paris round-trip, so assuming location hunters take the more inexpensive option, I estimate that visiting Colmar and Budapest would not total more than 3000 dollars.

  • Various architectural elements seen in the backgrounds of the original pool are mirrored in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?‘s pool, although some details have also been modified. It is presumed that the pool in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? is rather smaller than Széchenyi thermal bath: the real thermal bath covers more than  6,220 square metres and features 15 indoor pools.

  • This post took a fair bit of time to compile, as gathering and assembling the information was a major time sink. Similar to my Glasslip locations post, this was motivated largely by the wish to provide an easy-to-read, English-searchable post for readers wondering about the locations of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? and for any reason, do not wish to search a Japanese-language site for the content. Thus, when I make these posts, I strive to ensure that my location posts load faster, easier to navigate and provide more useful information for the readers, so that the level of effort that goes into making anime such as Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? are conveyed.

Colmar’s major attractions lie in the old town: despite its size, the old town is pedestrian friendly, being packed with a range of shops and restaurants that serve Alsatian cuisine (a combination of traditional French and Germanic techniques, making use of pork, sauerkraut, foie gras and wine). In addition, boat tours along the canals are also offered. There are several hotels located in the Old Town with rates ranging from 25 to 200 Euros per night. It’s worth mentioning that Colmar merely served to inspire the town seen in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?: the swimming pool that Chino and her friends visit is modeled after a swimming pool in Budapest, Hungary, and the size discrepancies between Colmar and the town of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? can be seen in a map that Cocoa is referencing (Colmar is much larger and the old town is surrounded by a modern city). With this being said, the level of detail seen in Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka? is impressive; as per the other anime locations I’ve documented here, it’s always pleasant to know that this level of effort goes into bringing an anime’s setting to life.

9 responses to “Colmar, France: Home of Gochuumon wa Usagi Desu Ka?

  1. Neomo November 1, 2015 at 17:38

    Fantastic, and makes me a little reminiscent. I’m part-French, and my grandfather (on my mother’s side) was from Alsace (Strasbourg) and was a part of the French resistance. The last time I went there was when I was 8 or 9; back then, Strasbourg looked a little like Colmar, only a bit more modern. Never went to Colmar though; my mother didn’t want to travel that far south.

    I think you’ve only gone and influenced me to want to go back there to visit for a few days. I know all of my grandparents have since passed away, but it would still be wonderful to both get some memories back and to get my French back in check.

    Like

  2. sherlock1524 November 2, 2015 at 10:32

    wow cool. I’ve always wondering where’s the location of the gochumoon be.

    Like

  3. leaf November 3, 2015 at 10:38

    Other than Colmar, Strasbourg and Riquewihr, the official season 1 guide – Memorial Blend – mentioned Egesheim and Montmartre as places they visited for inspiration as well. (I have a copy myself, but there’s a blurry scan at 13:04 here https://youtu.be/58KVhR5moEY )

    Like

  4. Chanaine November 30, 2015 at 09:54

    haha i knew it !
    the first time i watched Gochuumon it felt like it was in Alsace (where i live) that’s part of why i like the show =)
    thanks for confirming it ^^
    by the way the Alsatian timber-framed houses are also made like that for earth-quake prevention (pretty and useful).

    Like

    • infinitezenith December 1, 2015 at 19:46

      It’s always fun to learn that a show you enjoy is set close to (or exactly) where you live🙂 I wish more anime would do a setting near the Rocky Mountains, seeing how they put in so much detail into the settings.

      Like

  5. JY March 23, 2016 at 16:30

    Actually spa towns exist in France since the Roman Empire Era, especially near central France volcano, Vichy being the most famous one (I’m from over there).

    Like

    • infinitezenith March 24, 2016 at 03:04

      Thanks for the information. I’ve seen thermal springs here and there in the searches that I’ve found: I hail from North America, so when I do a search for Vichy springs, the first thing I get is Vichy near San Francisco :p

      Like

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